The founder of the Institute of the Brothers of St.Gabriel, St. Louis Grignion of Montfort, is also called Montfort.
1. Birth and Studies
2. A Missionary
4. Death & Sainthood
Childhood, Youth and Studies
Louis was born on January 31, 1673 at Montfort-sur-Meu (25 km from Rennes) and baptized the next day. His father, Jean-Baptiste Grignion, was a lawyer and his mother, daughter of a magistrate in Rennes. Louis would later add the name of Mary to his because of his great love for the Virgin. The addition “of Montfort” is not a title of nobility, but just the name of the place of his baptism.
From his early years he exhibited great qualities: keen intelligence, deep piety, facility to share what he learned in Sunday school with his brothers, sisters and comrades.
At 12, he was a student at the Jesuit College in Rennes. He proved to be a brilliant student of philosophy, very conscientious in his work. He liked to take time to help his brothers and sisters in their studies.
His Life in Rennes opened to him a world he did not know: the poor. Guided by a priest, he visited the poor in hospitals. Following the example of his mother, he helped those who dared not show themselves up.
One incident, among others: A schoolboy was badly dressed and everyone made fun of him. Louis-Marie felt bad about this and made a collection among his companions. He brought him to a tailor and said: “Sir, this is my brother and yours. I collected this amount in the class in order to get him a proper dress. If this amount is not enough, you please add the rest!” The latter carried out the job.
On the advice of his teachers, he joined the Congregation of the Blessed Virgin, which was an opportunity for him to enlighten his faith and his Marian devotion.
In these times of prayer and reflection, a thought struck his mind: to become a priest. He shared about this inner call to his parents, who were very happy about it.
In September 1693 he left his native place, on foot, to join the Seminary of St Sulpice in Paris.
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Louis Marie teaching his sister how to pray
Louis Marie defending his colleague
The Apostolic Missionary
On June 5, 1700, Louis-Marie was ordained a priest. His desire was “to teach catechism to the poor of the countryside and to encourage youth to the devotion of the Blessed Virgin Mary”.
He was Chaplain of the General Hospital of Poitiers for 6 years. There he met Marie–Louise Trichet who took the religious habit on February 2, 1703 and became the first Daughter of Wisdom. He began to give some happiness to the 400 poor there, by going begging for food for them and by looking after the sick.
But in 1706, to put an end to the quarrels and jealousies, he left the hospital and went to Rome to visit Pope Clement XI, who said: “In France you have a large field for apostolate; teach with strength the Christian doctrine to the people and the children, make the renewal of the vows of baptism, and always work in perfect submission to the Bishops”. He received from the Pope a crucifix and the title of “Apostolic Missionary”.
Father de Montfort went about preaching missions and retreats for 10 years in western France: Brittany, Pays de la Loire, Vendee, Aunis and Charente.
Throughout his missionary life, he lived intensely united to Jesus and Mary, and his missions were a great success. He had an easy way with words, and the art of making his preaching practical and adapted to the people, the gift of touching hearts. He closed his missions by building a big Calvary in memory of the Lord’s love.
The most famous is Pontchâteau, in Loire-Atlantic, which is even today a place of pilgrimage.
Montfort ensured the desire to perpetuate the results of the missions, through the establishment of confraternities, charitable schools…
Montfort, catechist of the children
Montfort, missionary… Pontchâteau
Bishop of Champflour (1646-1724) Bishop of La Rochelle from 1703 to 1724, Admirer and inspirer of Louis Marie.
From the beginning of his priestly ministry in December 1700, Louis-Marie envisioned a Congregation ready to go anywhere to teach catechism to the peasants, the poor, and the children. During his 15 years of missionary life, Montfort had priest collaborators like Mr. des Bastières or Gabriel Ollivier who accompanied him for several years, but were not so steady. Around 1712, in La Rochelle, he wrote a Rule for the Missionary Priests of the Company of Mary, a rule where teaching of catechism to the children has an important place.
It was not until February 1715 that this Company had the first priest: Adrien Vatel (1680-1748), a young Norman priest, a former student of the Seminary of the Holy Spirit of Claude Poullart des Places, but he did not commit himself with vows until 1722. In September 1715, a young priest of the diocese of La Rochelle, René Mulot (1683-1749), despite his poor health, agreed to join Father de Montfort. He became the first Superior General of the Company of Mary in 1722.
In December 1701, Montfort met in a church at Poitiers, a young 17-year-old girl, Marie–Louise Trichet (1684-1759), who came to confession to him. Montfort had the intuition that God could do great things through her. He asked her in January 1703, to come and work at the General Hospital of Poitiers, as a servant of the poorest, and to join the Association of Wisdom led by a blind woman.
On February 2, 1703, the daughter of the bourgeoisie received from Montfort a humble peasant’s gray coat and the name of Marie–Louise of Jesus. For 12 years, as a novice, she devoted herself in this general hospital which collected all those disinherited of life. In 1713, a companion joined her: Catherine Brunet. In 1715, Montfort asked Marie-Louise and Catherine to leave Poitiers for La Rochelle, to run a charitable school and to take care of the Saint-Louis Hospital. On August 1, 1715, Bishop Champflour approved the Rule of the Daughters of Wisdom written by Louis-Marie and reviewed by Marie-Louise. On August 22, 1715, Marie–Louise Trichet, Catherine Brunet, Marie Valleau and Mary Regnier made their first profession. Marie-Louise was appointed superior.
In 1705, in a church of Poitiers, Louis Marie asked a young man of 18, Mathurin Rangeard (1687-1760), to follow him. Mathurin became his constant companion in the missions and he continued this ministry until his death in 1760. Other brothers such as John, Peter, Nicolas, Jacques, Philippe, Gabriel, Louis, also joined Montfort to help him.
At the Pentecost 1715, according to tradition, four of them, Louis, Philippe, Gabriel and Nicolas, pronounced their vows of obedience and poverty forming the nucleus of the Brothers of the Holy Spirit. Mathurin and Jacques, did not dare take that step, even though they were devout followers of Montfort. In 1715, Montfort, concerned with the pastoral plan of Mgr.
Champflour, Bishop of La Rochelle, asked some brothers to work in the “charitable school” at La Rochelle (1715) and at Nantes. In his testament of 27 April 1716, Montfort gave a considerable place to the brothers and envisaged that some of them work in the charitable schools.
Montfort et René Mulot
Montfort and the Brothers of the Holy Spirit
Death & Sainthood
The Death of a Saint: April 28, 1716
In mid-March 1716, Father de Montfort left on foot to the shrine of Our Lady of Ardilliers in Saumur, with some brothers, to entrust to Mary the future of his Congregations and to pray for missionaries.
Long walks, inadequate food, the physical and moral suffering, the little rest he took eventually got the better of his health, and though it was robust.
Immediately after the pilgrimage, Montfort left for Saint-Laurent-sur-Sevre, to give a mission that was to begin on Palm Sunday, on April 5, 1716, assisted by Father René Mulot and his brother John, pastor of St. Pompain. He organized a special reception for Bishop Champflour. But after the welcome procession, Louis-Marie, who was exhausted, was forced to go to bed:
he was suffering from acute pleurisy. In the afternoon, he was to preach at the Church. Montfort wanted to go. Father Mulot wanted to dissuade him, but the missionary insisted and got up to preach on the sweetness of Jesus: a sermon touching the faithful who were moved to tears.
On April 27, being fully aware of the state of his health, Montfort asked for making his confession and to receive the sacrament of the sick. He called Father Mulot and dictated his will. He entrusted to him to continue his apostolic mission and to take care of the brothers. Father Mulot felt too weak, in physical strength and in talent, but Montfort reassured him and said, squeezing his hand: “Have faith my son … I will pray for you.”
On April 28, Louis Marie asked for his crucifix and the statue of Our Lady of the Road. Before the many emotionally moved parishioners who came to receive his blessing, Louis Marie gathered his forces and began to sing two verses of a canticle of the mission: “Let’s go, my dear friends – Let’s go on the road to Paradise – Whatever may be gained on earth – Paradise is worth far more” (C. 152). Then after a moment’s slumber, he woke up trembling and said: “It is in vain that you attack me, I’m between Jesus and Mary.
I’m at the end of my race, it is all over, I do not sin any more.” Montfort died with much peace and calm on Tuesday, April 28, about eight in the evening, after eight days of illness. He was then 43 years old. When the people heard the news, they exclaimed: “The holy Father of Montfort is dead!” When Archbishop of Champflour was informed, he said: “I have just lost the best priest in my diocese.”
The burial took place on April 29. A crowd of Christians came from the entire region. Fr Barrin, Vicar General of Nantes, and a great friend of Montfort, was present at the celebration and had carved a tombstone to his memory. Montfort’s tomb is located in the parish church of Saint-Laurent-sur-Sevre.
In the days and months following his death, the tomb of Father de Montfort became an object of pilgrimage. Fr Jean-Baptiste Blain, his loyal friend, moved in from Rouen in 1720, to ask God to grant him, through the intercession of Montfort, healing for a chronic illness. It was granted.
Because of the social crisis in the 18th century and the French Revolution, the process of the beatification of Father de Montfort did not begin until one hundred years later, in 1825, thanks to Fr Gabriel Deshayes. Fr Louis-Joseph Dalin, the new Superior General, made two trips to Rome in 1843 and 1853, to accelerate the process of beatification. This took place on January 22, 1888, by Pope Leo XIII.
The political events of 1903 and the 1914-1918 World War delayed the process of canonization that was not taken up until 1928, and which led to the canonization of Father de Montfort on July 20, 1947, by Pope Pius XII. On September 19, 1996, Pope John Paul II came to pray at the tomb of one of his spiritual fathers, who had a profound impact on his devotion to Mary.
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